What is the Difference Between Semester GPA and Cumulative GPA at VIT?

Learn the difference between Semester GPA and Cumulative GPA  at Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT). Understand how these grading metrics impact your academic records and future opportunities.

Difference Between Semester GPA and Cumulative GPA

In the academic landscape of Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), two significant grading metrics play a Integral role in Evaluating a student’s academic performance Semester GPA (SGPA) and Cumulative GPA (CGPA). While these terms might sound similar, they hold Clear meanings and Attend to different purposes within the educational system of VIT.

Semester GPA (SGPA):

Semester GPA, as the name suggests, is a measure of a student’s academic performance for a specific semester. It is calculated by Calculating the grade points earned Opposite all the courses taken during that particular semester. Each course is assigned a certain number of credit hours, and based on the grade received in each course, Related grade points are Granted. These grade points are then multiplied by the credit hours of the respective courses, and the sum of these products is divided by the total credit hours for the semester.

For example, if a student took four courses in a semester, each worth 3 credit hours, and earned grades equivalent to 9, 8, 7, and 10 grade points respectively, their SGPA would be calculated as follows:

\[ SGPA = \frac{(9 \times 3) + (8 \times 3) + (7 \times 3) + (10 \times 3)}{3 + 3 + 3 + 3} \]

Cumulative GPA (CGPA):

On the other hand, Cumulative GPA represents the overall academic performance of a student across all the semesters they have completed. It takes into account the SGPA of each semester along with the corresponding credit hours. CGPA is calculated by summing up the total credit hours earned across all semesters and the total grade points earned, and then dividing the total grade points by the total credit hours.

For instance, if a student has completed four semesters with respective SGPA values of 8, 8.5, 7.5, and 9, with each semester having 30 credit hours, their CGPA would be Calculated as follows:

\[ CGPA = \frac{(8 \times 30) + (8.5 \times 30) + (7.5 \times 30) + (9 \times 30)}{30 + 30 + 30 + 30} \]

Main Differences Semester & Cumulative GPA

  1. Scope of Assessment: SGPA Judges a student’s performance within a specific semester, providing insights into their academic achievements and progress during that period. On the other hand, CGPA offers a Complete overview of a student’s overall academic standing throughout their entire duration at VIT.
  2. Influence on Academic Records: While SGPA reflects a student’s performance within a single semester and is often used for immediate feedback and evaluation, CGPA holds greater significance in academic records and transcripts. It serves as a Combined representation of a student’s academic journey and is frequently Indicated by employers, graduate schools, and other institutions.
  3. Long-Term Interpretation: CGPA is particularly important for assessing a student’s consistency and Consistent academic excellence over multiple semesters. It accounts for both strengths and weaknesses across various courses and provides a Complete understanding on a student’s academic capabilities.


In conclusion, Semester GPA and Cumulative GPA are two Unique measures of academic performance at VIT, each serving its purpose in evaluating student achievement. While SGPA assesses performance within a single semester, CGPA offers a detailed view of a student’s overall academic journey. Understanding the difference between these two Criteria is essential for students to track their progress effectively and make informed decisions regarding their academic and professional interests.

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